ANSWER KEY OF THE QUESTION BANK OF IV
CH-THEY MADE HISTORY
Q.1. Name the founders of the following religions.
1] Gautam Buddha
2] Lord Mahavira
3] Jesus Christ
4] Prophet Mohammad
5] Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Q.2. Who were these reformers?
2] Raja Rammohan Roy
3] Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Q.3. Answer the following short questions.
1] God is one
2] He constructed water tanks, dams, canals for irrigation purpose. He encouraged foreign trade to increase the economy of the nation.
3] Ramabai Ranade was a social reformer. She wanted to educate women. She also encouraged widow remarriage. She set up a centre to impart primary education to girls.
Q.4. Explain the following.
1] The achievements of Indians n the field of Mathematics were-
* The concept of zero was introduced by them.
* The decimal system was developed by them.
2] Emperor Ashoka was influenced by something that changed his life. He fought the Kalinga war and after seeing a lot of bloodshed suddenly his heart got full of kindness. He became the follower of Buddhism and spread Buddhist teachings everywhere. He started his people treating as his children.
3] Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was a social reformer . He wanted to spread modern education among the muslims. He opened many schools and colleges. He also founded a university called Aligarh Muslim University.
CH- THE WESTERN DESERT
Q.1. Give the another name of the following-
1] The Indira Gandhi Canal
3] The Pink City
4] The Ship of The Desert
Q.2. Give reason.
1] The life of the nomads is full of stuggle because –
* They do not have permanent house to live in.
* They move from one place to another in search of food, work or shelter.
* They bear scorching heat of the sun through out the day in desert.
2] The people in desert like to settle near oasis because-
* Oasis is a small pool that consists of water that appears on the desert land from the underground surface due to the scorching heat of the sun.
* People use this water for farming.
* They use to settle near this place as they get food easily available.
3] Dust storms can occur any time in the desert region because-
* Desert land is full of sand.
* The winds blow fastly and shift sand particles here and there.
* Sometimes the winds blow so fast that dust cover the whole area which appears to be a storm and can occur anytime when strong winds occur.
Q.3. Answer them.
1] Suratgarh near Ganganagar is of great importance. It is so because it is the biggest and largest wheat farm in whole Asia.
2] Camel is the most comfortable animal in the desert . It suits to the desert area as—
* It can live without water for many days.
* It has big eye lashes which protect its eyes from dust.
* It has long legs to move on sand easily and padded feet which do not feel the sand hot.
3] The people face the challenge of shortage of water in Rajasthan by-
* Getting water from the Indira Gandhi Canal.
* Getting water from oasis.
* Saving water for further use.
Q.4. Mark the following places on the map of India.
2] Aravalli hills
CH- The Coastal Plains and Islands
Q.1. Guess , who am I?
2] The Bay of Bengal
3] The Lakshadweep island
4] The 10 degree channel
Q.2. Give answers of the following short questions.
1] It is called the Milk capital of India. It has AMUL- A brand of dairy products. Its Anand Milk Union Limited. It supplies milk to whole India.
2] This name is given to that place where rice is grown in the maximum amount that can be supplied to maximum parts of the country. Tamil Nadu is known as The Rice Bowl of India.
* It is a state that lies on the western coastal plains.
* Its capital is Panaji.
* The main occupation of the people is farming alongwith the fishing.
*Farmers grow cashews, coconut, mangoes, rice etc.
* Mando is the folk dance.
* Fort Aguada is built here.
Q.3. Give reason.
1] Bengaluru is an important city in Karnataka because the famous IT industry is set up here where people become engineers and computers are manufactured.
2] Kerala is known as the Land of coconut because a large amount of coconuts are grown here.
3] The off-coast area of Mumbai is of great importance because Bombay High is located here. It is an area where oil is found here in the abundance in the sea-bed.
Q.4. Answer the following questions.
1] The coastal plains are divided into two parts. They are-
* The western coastal plains- Lies to the west of India, Gujarat-Maharashtra-Goa-Karnataka-Kerala are the states which lie here., It lies towards the Arabian Sea.
* The eastern coastal plains- Lies to the east of India, West Bengal-Odisha-Telangana-Andhra Pradesh-Tamil Nadu are the states which lie here., It lies towards theBay of Bengal.
2] The three coasts which are the parts of the Western coastal pains are-
* The Gujarat Coast- Gujarat
* The Konkan coast- Maharashtra, Goa
* The Malabar coast- Karnataka, Kerala
3] The difference between the Coromandel coast and the Northern Circars
the Coromandel coast
the Northern Circars
1. It lies to the south of the eastern coastal plains.
It lies to the north of the eastern coastal plains.
2. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh lie here
Telangana, Odisha and West Bengal lie here.
3. It is a land that shares its borders with The Arabian Sea.
It is a land that shares its borders with the Bay of Bengal.
Q.5. Mark the following places on the map India.
5] Tamil Nadu
CH- NATURAL RESOURCES
Q.1. Give examples of the following.
1] Coal, petroleum
2] Sunlight, water
3] Trees, Soil
4] metals, natural gas
Q.2. Mention the uses of the following-
1] Solar energy- It is used to grow food, we get sunlight, we can boil water and can cook food.
2] Coal- It is used to run the industries, get warmth, to cook food , to generate electricity.
3] Petroleum- To make petrol, diesel, to run the vehicles, it is used to produce plastics, fertilizers, paints, pesticides etc.
4] wind- To generate electricity.
Q.3. Explain how?
1] Though water is a renewable resource but it can become a non renewable resource after
Sometime because –
* People waste water which leads to extinction of water.
* People pollute the rivers which in turn can be extinguished from the land.
* The continuous practices can lead to lack of water.
2] Trees and plants become the Green gold because-
* As gold is a precious metal for us as it makes ornaments in the same way trees aso provide us with many things which are our basic necessities without which our life is not possible like food, medicines, wood, fruits, vegetables, oil, perfumes etc.
Q.4. Give reason.
1] Petroleum is called the Black Gold because it is as precious as gold. It is refined to make petrol. It is used to make lubricants, dry-cleaning the clothes etc.
2] Natural resources should be used wisely because these are the resources which are given to us by nature. Some resources are there which are used continuously like air , sunlight etc. But some resources are there which once if they would get finished we can not get the same kind of things again like petrol, coal gas etc.
Q.5. Mark the following places on the map of India.
2] Tamil Nadu
CH-OUR HUMAN RESOURCES
Q. The right answer of MCQ.
1] Human beings
3] Agriculture & Industry
4] All of these
6] Three out of four
7] move from place to place
10] All of these
Q.1. Name two cities or states where the following mills are set up.
1] Varanasi, Kanchipuram
2] Mumbai, Panipat
3] Kolkata, Chennai
4] UP, Bihar
5] Kochi, Marmagao
6] Jamshedpur, Kapurthala
7] Lucknow, Hyderabad
Q.2. Define the following terms.
1] Industry is a place where raw material is converted into a finished good by using machines, workers, capital, raw material etc. For eg. Cottage industry.
2] Shipyard is a place where ships are manufactured or repaired. For eg. Chennai shipyard.
3] Raw material is an unfinished thing which is converted into a useful thing by using machines, capital, workers etc. in an industry.
Q.3. Answer in short.
1] These all things are required to set up an industry- Capital, machines, workers, raw material, power, water, land etc.
2] Yes, raw material is an important component for an industry as it is converted into a useful thing. Without any raw material, no finished goods are manufactured. For eg- wood is needed to make furniture.
Q.4. Answer the questions in brief.
1] Some industries can be set up at houses. These are cottage industries. Here family members can also workwith small machines, less raw material and capital. For eg- Bangle making.
2] There are some industries which need all things in huge amount. They are large scale industries. They need huge capital, large number of workers, raw material, Big capital, land etc. to make finished goods. For eg- Aeroplanes manufacturing industry.
Q.5. Give reason.
1] Industries are like the backbone of a country like India because * They provide increase in economy of the country. * Maximum money is made by the export of the goods. * They provide work to many people with which all of them can earn money. For eg- Electronic goods.
2] Jute mills cannot be set up in Jammu and Kashmir because jute needs hot, humid climate and plenty of water to grow which are easily available in coastal state like West Bengal. Jammu & Kashmir is a state which lies in Himalayas.
Q.6. Mark the following places on the map of India.
3] Andhra Pradesh
CH-Means of communication
Q.The right answer of MCQ.
2] Postal service
7] World Wide Web
9] All of these
CH-OUR RIGHTS AND DUTIES
Q.1.Define the following terms.
1] Monarchy is the form of the government where a king or a queen rules over a country. For eg- Britain.
2] Constitution is a book which consists of laws, rules, rights, duties and Directive principles through which a country is governed smoothly.
Q.2. Briefly Describe-
1] Democracy- This is the first principle of the constitution. It says that the government is chosen by the people, for the people and of the people. For eg- India is a democratic country.
2] Socialism – This is the second principle of the constitution. It says that all the citizens irrespective of their occupation, colour or gender are equal and should be treated equally without any discrimination.For eg- A farmer and a businessman.
3] Secularism- It is the third principle of the constitution. It says that all citizens are free to practice any religion without the government’s interference. For eg- Hinduism.
Q.3. Yes, the government is bound to follow some rules. They are called The Directive Principles. These are the guidelines which are given by the constitution to the government which it has to follow for the welfare of the citizens and the smooth functioning of their region. For eg- * To check that every child should go to the school.
* To provide proper living condition to the people.
Q.4. “We must take care of our environment”. No, we cannot say it as the fundamental right because It comes under the Fundamental duty as is given by the constitution. We all should be responsible towards the environment for the benefit of the mankind.
Q.5. The Fundamental Rights are-
* Right to Equality
* Right to Freedom
* Right against exploitation
* Right to freedom of religion
* Right to establish educational institutions
* Right to move to court- All citizens of India have the right to approach the court if someone stops them to enjoy or practice their any of the right.
Q.6. Give answer in one word.
1] 26th January
2] 26th January 1950
Q.7. Rewrite the incorrect statements correctly.
1] It is our duty to respect the National Flag and National Anthem.
2] It is our right to move freely in any part of the country.